Planet Jupiter is a 5th planet from the Sun. Jupiter is two and half times more massive than among all the planets in the Solar system. Jupiter is made of gases, so it is known as one of the “Gas Giant.” A day on Jupiter is only 9 hours and 55 minutes which is nearly 14 hours lesser than the Earth. This article explains you facts of Jupiter for kids in the Solar system.
Jupiter Planet Profile
Equatorial Diameter: 142,984 km
Polar Diameter: 133,709 km
Mass: 1.90 × 10^27 kg (318 Earths)
Moons: 67 (Io, Europa, Ganymede & Callisto)
Orbit Distance: 778,340,821 km (5.20 AU)
Orbit Period: 4,333 days (11.9 years)
Effective Temperature: -148 °C
First Record: 7th or 8th century BC
Recorded By: Babylonian astronomers
Important Facts of Jupiter for Kids
- The brightest object in the Solar system: Jupiter is the brightest planet in the solar system. Planet Jupiter can be seen by the open eye from the Earth like Sun, Moon, and Venus.
- Unique cloud features: Jupiter has unique cloud features as its upper atmosphere is divided into zones and belts, which are made up of Sulfur, ammonia crystals and a mixture of two compounds.
- Jupiter has a massive atmosphere: As mentioned in Kid facts about Earth, Planet Jupiter’s interior is made up of metals, rock, and primarily with hydrogen.
- Jupiter’s Moon: Planet Jupiter’s moon is sometimes called as Jovian satellites. Jupiter’s moon is the largest moon among all the planet moon’s in the Solar system.
- Ancient Babylonians were the first spacecraft who recorded the sightings of Jupiter: Jupiter is defined after the king of the Roman God during the 7th or 8th century BC. It is a representative of the god of thunder, Zeus. The Mesopotamians saw Jupiter as the god Marduk and patron of the city of Babylon. Germanic tribes saw this planet as Donar or Thor.
- Jupiter’s Rings: The planet Jupiter’s rings are primarily made of dust particles which are ejected from some of Jupiter’s smaller worlds during impacts from incoming comets and asteroids. The rings start from 92,000 km above Jupiter’s cloud tops and stretch out to more than 225,000 kilometers from the planet. They are between 2000 to 12500 km thickness.
- Spacecraft’s visited Jupiter: 8 spacecraft’ has been visited, Jupiter. The Voyager 1 and 2, are Pioneer 10 and 11, Cassini, Ulysses, Galileo, and New Horizons missions. The Juno mission has arrived at Jupiter in July 2016. In future missions may focus on the Jovian moons Europa, Ganymede, and Callisto, and their subsurface oceans.
- Great Red Spot on Jupiter: Jupiter has a huge Great Red Spot Storm which is raged for at least 350 years. It is so large that even a three Earth’s could fit inside it.
Other facts of Jupiter for kids:
- Planet Jupiter is one of the fastest spinning planets in the solar system
- It has 3 faint Rings around.
- Jupiter’s magnetic field is 14 times heavier than the Earth’s magnetic field.
- Jupiter is viewed from the Earth since it is the brightest object in the night sky.